The third piece in this set of piano pieces from 1903 contains various Hungarian features showing it was written at the time of Kossuth. It is characterised by its three section, recapitulation form. Bartók dedicated the Scherzo to his friend, composer and pianist Ernő Dohnányi. In this sonata rondo, Bartók utilises czardas and kuruc dance melodies. Zoltán Kocsis' unique sensitivity to Bartók's style is evident in the orchestration of these piano pieces and they have been performed with great success all over the world.